By Kenneth L. Kusmer, Joe W. Trotter
Historians have committed strangely little awareness to African American city historical past of the postwar interval, specially in comparison with past a long time. Correcting this imbalance, African American city heritage for the reason that international warfare II good points a thrilling mixture of pro students and clean new voices whose mixed efforts give you the first entire evaluate of this crucial subject. the 1st of this volume’s 5 groundbreaking sections specializes in black migration and Latino immigration, reading tensions and alliances that emerged among African american citizens and different teams. Exploring the demanding situations of residential segregation and deindustrialization, later sections take on such issues because the actual property industry’s discriminatory practices, the move of middle-class blacks to the suburbs, and the impression of black city activists on nationwide employment and social welfare regulations. one other workforce of individuals examines those issues in the course of the lens of gender, chronicling deindustrialization’s disproportionate influence on girls and women’s best roles in events for social switch. Concluding with a collection of essays on black tradition and intake, this quantity absolutely realizes its aim of linking neighborhood modifications with the nationwide and international tactics that impact city type and race family members.
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Additional resources for African American Urban History since World War II (Historical Studies of Urban America)
Here we broaden the age range to the main working years: ages 25– 54. 6 percent). 2 percent). Southern-born black men enjoyed significant income advantages, earning on average between 6 and 12 percent more than their counterparts, depending upon educational level. Among women, the income patterns were less consistent. Northern-born black women with high school or college experience earned somewhat more than southerners. At lower educational levels, southerners averaged 10 percent more than their northern-born counterparts.
These income comparisons need to be put in context. The same data also show that migrants struggled with labor markets that offered only limited opportunities to African Americans. If anyone had headed north expecting to escape severe racial discrimination, they would indeed have been disappointed. The clearest way to demonstrate the powerful effects of race in the labor markets of the North and West is to compare the jobs and incomes of black southern migrants with those of white southern migrants, who shared many of the background factors (mostly rural southern origins, mostly poorly educated) and who were participating in their own great migration out of the South.
Compounding that, northerners assumed that southern schools were inferior in quality. 22 One other selection criterion looms large in the Second Great Migration: military service. The South has long contributed disproportionately to the armed forces. During World War II, close to one million African Americans 30 gregory served, mostly southerners. And military service took them to other regions and overseas. After discharge, many chose to settle outside the South. That was true also for the servicemen and women who followed in the 1950s and 1960s.
African American Urban History since World War II (Historical Studies of Urban America) by Kenneth L. Kusmer, Joe W. Trotter