By Moreno Muffatto
Lately, the way in which open resource software program is constructed has taken carry as a sound replacement to advertisement proprietary tools, as have the goods themselves, e.g., the Linux working process, Apache web-server software program, and Mozilla Firefox browser. yet what's open resource software program? How is the open resource group equipped? What makes this new version profitable? What results has it had and may it have at the way forward for the IT undefined, businesses and executive guidelines? those and lots of different questions are replied during this ebook. the 1st bankruptcy offers a quick historical past of the open resource group and the second one bankruptcy takes a detailed examine the connection among highbrow estate rights and software program, either open resource and proprietary. the following 3 chapters think of the who, the open resource neighborhood, the how, software program improvement either inside of and outdoors the neighborhood, and the what, open resource initiatives and product caliber. Chapters 6 and seven specialise in the various clients of open resource software program: businesses and governments respectively. those are by way of chapters that interpret the phenomenon, first from an organizational viewpoint in bankruptcy eight after which utilizing the speculation of advanced adaptive structures in bankruptcy nine. The final bankruptcy explores the present and strength purposes of the idea that underlying open resource software program in different fields.
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Extra resources for Open Source: A Multidisciplinary Approach (Series on Technology Management)
Free/open source software is different from public domain software in that it is protected by copyright and specific open source licenses. With open source licenses, specific permission does not have to be granted by the author in order to use, diffuse and/or modify this type of software. Though the name of the author of one of these products must often be included in copies and derivative works, no one person or group can claim to be the owner of free/open source software. This type of software has been called free not so much for the fact that it is free of charge but for the freedoms it guarantees: • freedom to use the software for any purpose; • freedom to study source codes and use them for one's own needs; • freedom to distribute copies of the original software; • freedom to improve the program and publicly distribute derivative works so that everyone can benefit from the improvements.
Since some companies backed out, Netscape had to eliminate some code. Another problem Netscape had to deal with was what license to choose to best respect the aims of the project. Mozilla needed a license that would motivate the community of volunteers to contribute to the project and at the same time protect the economic interests of Netscape. None of the licenses that existed at that time, including the open source licenses, met these requirements. Therefore, on March 5, 1998, Netscape proposed a new license created by the company itself.
On the other end, we have proprietary software which is often expensive, does not come with the source code and whose use is protected by copyright or patent laws. 1). 1 - Comparison of categories of software. Public Domain software Free/open source software HTML Free of charge Unconditional use Freeware software Shareware software Proprietary software GNU Linux Acrobat Reader Apogee software Microsoft Windows Yes Yes Yes Limited No Yes Yes No No No Source code open Not always Yes No No No Freedom to modify Yes Yes No No No Protection of freedom No Yes No No No Example Public domain software In the case of public domain software, the author or owner of the software has given up all his/her intellectual property rights.
Open Source: A Multidisciplinary Approach (Series on Technology Management) by Moreno Muffatto