By Peter G. Forster, Michael Hitchcock, Francis F. Lyimo
Race and ethnicity remain very important if unwelcome components in glossy politics. this is often obtrusive in East Africa: the ethnic issue is frequently dominant in multi-party elections, whereas in Rwanda and Burundi bloodshed and genocidal assaults were associated with ethnic distinction. This publication examines the phenomena of race and ethnicity as a rule, yet with specific connection with Africa, specially the East. The impression of non-indigenous teams is taken into account, including ethnic transformations among Africans. The relevance of tourism and faith can be tested.
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Race and ethnicity stay vital if unwelcome elements in glossy politics. this can be glaring in East Africa: the ethnic issue is usually dominant in multi-party elections, whereas in Rwanda and Burundi bloodshed and genocidal assaults were associated with ethnic distinction. This booklet examines the phenomena of race and ethnicity regularly, yet with specific connection with Africa, particularly the East.
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Extra resources for Race and Ethnicity in East Africa
Using examples from Burma and Java, he speaks of a ‘medley’ of peoples: European, Chinese, Indian and indigenous. He shows that these maintain their own religion, customs and culture, and perform different tasks in the economy. They live in the same political unit, and they link but do not combine (Furnivall 1948: 109). Drawing on Boeke’s studies in Indonesia (1935), Furnivall acknowledges that capitalism in the colonial situation takes a particularly brutal form (a point also made by Weber (1962: 221–3)), but he continues to emphasize the economic order as the key factor.
The aim of this exercise was to remove Africans entirely from the body politic. By the end of 1981 four such ‘homelands’ (Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda and Ciskei) had been granted ‘independence’, though none of them had any potential for economic viability. This placated very few external critics, but it could be seen by South African Whites themselves as an effort to liberalize the regime. In some cases, such as job reservation, segregation became more rigorous than previously. However among the Afrikaner elite there grew a division between the more ‘enlightened’ verligtes, and the hard-line verkramptes.
There can be a more fluid situation such as in Brazil, where in contrast to the United States racial mixture has been more widespread. Here although lighter skin carries prestige, this is only one of a number of factors (Banton 1967: 265). Also it has been suggested that in Britain although dark skin may reduce status, other factors such as wealth and education can increase it (Banton 1967: 381). In both cases this means that some non-Whites have higher 28 Race and Ethnicity in East Africa status than some Whites.
Race and Ethnicity in East Africa by Peter G. Forster, Michael Hitchcock, Francis F. Lyimo